History of Danish Design
– a short version
Danish Design dates back to the 1900 and encompasses crafts, furniture and industrial design. Some of these designs are still relevant in our everyday lives, with some making a comeback and many have never left us. The influences have been many – Bauhaus, De Stijl, Constructivism and Futurism are but a few of the movements that occurred after the Second World War that came to give shape and form to Danish Design and its simplistic functionalism.
To name but a few is all that can be done as this “little” country Denmark has proven – it isn’t finished with giving the world great designs (see Design Awards 2014), here are those few who have left a most renown beauty for us to behold:
- Hans J. Wegner was and will always be known internationally for being the creator of “The Chair”, however Wegner in his lifetime designed and created more than 500 chairs. His achievements are many – and can been seen at the Museum of Modern Art in New York and the Die Neue Sammlung in Munich.
- Arne Emil Jacobsen is mostly known for his furniture – “The Egg”, “The Drop” and “The Swan” chairs are his most famous creations, however he has left an architectural legacy all around us in Denmark. We are able and fortunate to encounter his works in our everyday lives because his architecture can been seen all around us in Denmark: the National Bank in Copenhagen, the City Hall in Aarhus, a gas station in Skovshoved, and something as simple as and yet as wonderful as a lifeguard tower at Bellevue Beach.
- Verner Panton was the essence of the 60’s – with colour, materials and futuristic designs. Not only did he design furniture but he was an amazing interior designer. His designs range from tables to mirrors – famously known for the “The Flowerpot” lamp and one of many chairs “The Cone” chair.
- Poul Henningsen is really only known for his acclaimed lamp designs (PH Lamps) that gave us glare-free and uniform lighting. PH was more than a lamp designer – he was a writer, poet, architect and film enthusiast – with credits in Glassalen (The Glass Hall Theatre) and infamy with his Danmarksfilm (Film of Denmark) in 1935.